This west-African tribe revealed to the first anthropologist ever to visit them that they were possessing a particular galactic knowledge brought by their “Gods” in the ancient past. To the surprise of western civilization, they knew the star Sirius A had a companion star (Sirius B), how heavy those celestial bodies were, and their orbital cycles precisely.
Impressive, for a ‘primitive’ community that has no astrological measurement tools to know that much about such a remote place in our universe. The first day Sirius B becomes visible in the sky there is an important festival day at the Dogon Tribe.
Which is funny because Sirius B is not visible to the naked eye. How could have they possibly figured all this information about this star system without our modern equipment?
Their legends say they have been taught this from their amphibian creator gods – the Nommo – that came from the sky and acted as teachers and bringers of civilization to their tribe.
Dogon mythology says that Nommo was the first living creature created by the sky god Amma. Shortly after his creation, Nommo underwent a transformation and multiplied into four pairs of twins. One of the twins rebelled against the universal order created by Amma. To restore order to his creation, Amma sacrificed another of the Nommo progeny, whose body was dismembered and scattered throughout the universe.This dispersal of body parts is seen by the Dogon as the source for the proliferation of Binu shrines throughout the Dogons’ traditional territory; wherever a body part fell, a shrine was erected.
Until today, Dogon individuals often tattoo lines across their abdomens and sharpen their teeth to make themselves look more serpent-like, or more like the Nummo/Nommo, their cosmic teachers.
Of course, not all say this is true. Many argument that Robert Temple (the writer of «The Sirius Mystery», a book that advanced the conclusion that the Dogon’s knowledge of astronomy and non-visible cosmic phenomenon could only be explained if this knowledge had been imparted upon them by an extraterrestrial race that had visited the Dogon at some point in the past) made up all of this to make ‘his’ tribe famous.
Astronomer Carl Sagan touched upon the issue in his book Broca’s Brain (1979), seeing problems in Temple’s hypothesis. As an example, Sagan believes that because the Dogon seem to have no knowledge of another planet beyond Saturn which has rings, that their knowledge is therefore more likely to have come from European, and not extraterrestrial, sources.
Once again nothing can be proved and the controversy about the Dogon Tribe continues… but one must remember the astonishing resemblance between the Nommo and the legends from Indian, Greek and Mesopotanian Mythology, also talking about fish-like creatures (see Oannes and Matsya) that came from the sky and brought knowlegde to mankind. Pure coincidence?