A global flood. The gods telling one man to build an ark and replenish the earth. Flood Myths are a worldwide phenom and a corner stone to the Ancient Astronaut Theory.
How could so many different cultures have the same story? And if indeed a global deluge happened, why are there so many references to a god or gods telling one man to save humanity? Were these gods Ancient Aliens?
THE STORY OF NOAH
From the JudeoChristian Bible / the Old Testament
Well, this one you know for sure but lets read it again:
After the generation of Adam, the earth became corrupted and filled with violence; therefore God repented of ever creating them and decided to destroy men and all beasts from its surface – except for Noah, who was a righteous man.
God told Noah that He was about to send a flood upon the earth and everything that was in it would die. Though, God made a covenant to spare Noah, his wife, his 3 sons and their wives. God ordered Noah to build an ark and to take his family in it. God also commanded him to bring the beasts.
Noah did according to God’s command. Then, when Noah was 600 years old, all the fountains of the great deep broken up and the windows of heaven were opened. It rained for 40 days and 40 nights, and the water prevailed for 150 days. The water covered all the hills and mountains. All the beasts and every man died – except for Noah and everything inside the ark.
from the Islamic Quran
The story of Nuh in the Quran is similar to the one in the Old Testament, especially until the part where Noah landed in mountains and replenished the Earth.
However, there are several differences, among others are the following:
– in the Bible only Noah and his family were saved, in the Quran there are other believers who were saved, additionally Nuh’s wife and a son were not saved.
– in the Quran there is no mention of clean/unclean beasts.
– in the Quran there is no story of Nuh building an altar and sacrificing clean beasts and fowls.
– the name of the place where Noah landed in the Quran is called “Al Judy” not Ararat.
All the rest, is almost the same.
from a Sumerian tablet
The gods decided to wipe out man, for some reason (the passage involved is completely destroyed) but the water-god Enki insisted to save mankind. He informed Ziusudra – a pious, god-fearing and humble king, of the dreadful decision of the gods and advised him to save himself by building a very large boat. The long passage giving the details of the construction of the boat is destroyed; when the text begins again it is in the midst of describing the flood:
All the windstorms, exceedingly powerful, attacked as one, the deluge raged over the surface of the earth.
from various Akkadian tablets
The world was over populated by humans. So the god Enlil decided to send the first famine and drought at formulaic intervals of 1,200 years to reduce the population. But the god Enki decided to warn the hero Atrahasis, speaking through a reed wall to dismantle his house and build a boat to escape the flood.
So Atrahasis built the boat as instructed and boarded with his family and animals and sealed the door. The storm and flood began. After 7 days the flood ended and Atrahasis offered sacrifices to the gods.
from several Babylonian tablets
Perturbed by the clamor of humans, the gods lead by Enlil decided to let loose a flood on them, but the god Ea warned Utnapishtim to build a large boat and load it with supplies and animals. After the boat was ready, the storm came. The boat survived the flood and rested on a mountain.
Utnapishtim sent out a dove, it came back, as did a swallow, but when he released a crow it did not return. Enlil was angry that a human had survived, but Ea suggested that he should punish sin and transgressions, but not with a flood. Thus, Utnapishtim, though a mortal, was allowed to live, in the distance.
EGYPTIAN FLOOD MYTH
from the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the Book of Going Forth by Day
People had become rebellious. The god Atum said he will destroy all he made and return the earth to the Primordial Water (Nun) which was its original state. Atum will remain, in the form of a serpent, with Osiris. Unfortunately the version of the papyrus with the flood story is damaged and unclear.
DEUCALION AND PYRRHA
from the Greek mythology
After being bereft of the guidance of Prometheus (a titan who was the benefactor of mankind) men and women grew so wicked. So Jupiter sent a great flood which destroyed them all, except one good man, Deucalion and one good woman, Pyrrha.
These 2 were preserved as being fit to live. The flood submerged all the earth except for Mount Olympus, where the gods lived, and Mount Parnassus, where Deucalion and Pyrrha found shelter. Then the waters abated, and from the oracle of the sun-god, Apollo on Parnassus, came a voice commanding the 2 survivors to people the world anew with more worthy inhabitants. They were told to begin by casting behind them “the bones of their mother.” Deucalion shrewdly interpreted this strange oracle as referring to the stones, the bones of Mother Earth.
So as he and Pyrrha left the oracle, they tossed stones over their shoulders. All the stones that Deucalion threw, became men, those of Pyrrha became women. She was slighter than Deucalion, and threw smaller stones, so women have ever since been less of stature than men. The descendants of Deucalion became the Greeks.
THE BLOOD FLOOD OF YMIR
Norse mythology from Prose Edda by Snorri Sturluson
During the time of the creation of the universe, there were 2 distinct worlds: the lands of fire (Muspelheim) and ice (Niflheim). As eons passed the lands of fire and ice eventually came in contact with each other. As the freezing waters of Niflheim fell, they mixed with the ash and clay of Muspellheim and forming the body of a giant. This giant lay prone and unconscious for many eons, unfeeling and unmoving. Its name was Ymir, the first of the mountain giants (jotuns). Overtime Ymir turned evil.
After a long struggle, finally the three young gods: Villi, Ve and Odin killed Ymir. When Ymir fell the blood from his wounds poured forth. Ymir’s blood drowned almost the entire tribe of jotuns. Only 2 jotuns survived the flood of Ymir’s blood, by building an ark, one was Ymir’s grandson Bergelmir and the other his wife. Bergelmir and his wife brought forth new families of jotuns.
In Aztec mythology, Coxcox was the only male survivor of a worldwide flood. The Aztecs believed that only Coxcox and his wife, Xochiquetzal, survived the flood. They took refuge in the hollow trunk of a cypress, which floated on top of the water and finally banked on a mountain in Culhuacan. They had many children, but all of them were dumb. The great spirit took pity on them, and sent a dove, which attempted to teach the children how to speak. Fifteen of them succeeded and from these, the Aztecs believed, the Toltecs and Aztecs were descended.
THE FUHI FAMILY
Chinese Flood Myth
The Miao tribes, who live in inland China, talk about how God created the heavens and the earth, and created man and woman. They also talk about the wickedness of humanity and God sending a flood. Immense flooding covered the entire earth, and only one family, “the family of Fuhi” was saved.
This family consisted of a man, his wife, 3 sons and 3 daughters, who were all saved alive in a boat. It says that it poured 40 days, then it flooded and then 45 days of misting and drizzle.
The righteous person who was saved was called Nuah, and he built a boat very wide and vast. His family of 8 survived along with male and females pairs of animals. After the flood had receded, they offered sacrifices to God, and God gave them His good graces.
NUU AND THE FLOOD
In the Hawaiian group, there are several legends of the flood. One legend relates that in the time of Nuu, or Nana-nuu the flood came upon the earth and destroyed all living beings.
Nuu, by command of his god, built a large vessel with a house on top of it, which was called the royal vessel, in which he and his family, consisting of his wife, Lilinoe, his 3 sons and their wives, were saved. When the flood subsided, the 3 gods (Kane, Ku, and Lono) entered the vessel of Nuu, and told him to go out.
He did so, and found himself on the top of Mauna Kea (the highest mountain on the island of Hawaii). He named a cave there after his wife and it remains there to this day. Another version of the legend says that Nuu landed and dwelt in Kahiki-honua-kele, a large and extensive country. Nuu left the vessel in the evening of the day and took with him a pig, coconuts, and awa (some kind of juice) as an offering to the god Kane.
And they go on and on. You can read a full list of Flood Myths here.