Near the city of Cuzco, more than 3500 meters above sea level, the Sacsayhuaman amazing walls first fascinated the Spanish conquistadores and still leave archaeologists puzzled.
It rests on an artificially leveled mountaintop, and consists of three outer lines of gargantuan walls, 1,500 ft long and 54 ft wide, surrounding a paved area containing a circular stone structure believed to be a solar calendar. The ruins also include a 500,000 gallon water reservoir, storage cisterns, ramps, citadels and underground chambers.
Although a substantial part of the walls has been removed over the ages (as much as 3 meters along their lengths according to archaeologists), what remains does so because it was too large to move. Funny isn’t it?
The largest stone blocks at Sacsayhuaman (some of which are over 28ft high), are regularly estimated to weigh over 120 tons, while more enthusiastic estimates place the largest stones at 440 tons.
So precise was the masonry that one block on the outer walls, for example, has faces cut to fit perfectly with 12 other blocks. Other blocks were cut with as many as 36 sides. All the blocks were fitted together so precisely that a thickness gauge could not be inserted between them.
The stones are so closely spaced that even a piece of paper cannot be inserted between many of the stones.
The details are unbelievable. Please remember that “traditional” archaeologists tell you that this was made by hand:
The Inca themselves did NOT built this place and old oral legends tell us “the gods made it”.
Does this look hand-made to you?
The Muyuqmarka or the ‘Eye of the Jaguar’
On top of the Sacsayhuaman fortress are the remains of a structure discovered in 1934. The Muyuqmarka consists of three concentric, circular stone walls connected by a series of radial walls. There are three channels constructed to bring water into what many scientists consider to be a reservoir. A web-like pattern of 34 lines intersects at the centre and also there is a pattern of concentric circles that corresponded to the location of the circular walls.
The Spaniards destroyed it, in spite of the protests both from Cieza and Inca Garcilaso.
Interestingly enough we can find a identical structure in China. The Xian Altar of Heaven:
Strangely, The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences team was forced to rebury the altar only weeks after its discovery owing to “a lack of funds for a public display”.
But even if we don’t want to establish a parallelism about the two locations, one must be in awe with the building techniques used at Sacsayhuaman. And the most important question must be: is this possible to do by hand?